Psilocybe serbica

Psilocybe serbica M.M.Moser & E.Horak (1969)


synonyms:
Psilocybe bohemica Šebek (1983)
Psilocybe arcana Borov. & Hlavácek (2001)
Psilocybe moravica Borov. (2003)

Macroscopic feat.:
  • Cap/Pileus: 1-3.5 cm broad. Convex to campanulate, often twisted, expanding with age to broadly convex to plane. Surface viscid when moist from a thin gelatinous pellicle, often not separable. Margin translucent-striate when moist, becoming opaque in drying, soon uplifting and irregular in age, bluish tinged or bruising bluish where injured. Reddish brown to brownish yellow, hygrophanous, fading to grayish yellow, ochraceous or straw colored in drying.
  • Gills/Lamellae: Attachment adnate to adnexed, purplish brown to chocolate brown with whitish margins.
  • Stem/Stipe: 20-60 mm long by 1.5-5 mm thick. Equal to slightly enlarged towards the base, whitish to whitish with splotchy brown patches, bruising bluish where injured, and covered with white fibrillose patches below. Partial veil finely cortinate, soon disappearing.

Microscopic feat.:
  • Basidio/Spores: Dark purplish brown in deposit, elongate-ellipsoid in face and side view, 10-13 by 5.5-7 µm.
  • Basidia: 4-spored.
  • Pleurocistidia: Absent or rare, and usually near the gill edge, mucronate, 16-25 by 4.4-7.7 µm.
  • Cheilocystidia: 20-36 by 6-11 µm, lageniform with extended necks 1.5-2.5 µm, arising from cells parallel to gill edge.

Habitat: Reported only from Yugoslavia (Serbia), Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. Growing on rotting wood or in soils rich in woody debris, in deciduous or mixed forests, beneath European beech (Fagus silvatica) and/or mixed with firs (Abies sp.)

Comment: Moderately active to highly active. Psilocybe serbica is taxonomically close to Psilocybe atrobrunnea except the latter species prefers mossy areas and does not bruise bluish. See also Psilocybe liniformans and Psilocybe cyanescens.

source - Paul Stamets "Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World"

Pictures at www.mushroomobserver.org

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