Psilocybe naematoliformis

Psilocybe naematoliformis Guzmán (1979)


synonyms:
Naematoloma naematoliforme (Guzmán) Guzmán (1980)
Hypholoma naematoliformis (Guzmán) Guzmán (1999)

Description: Psilocybe naematoliformis, is a species of fungus in the mushroom family Strophariaceae. It is a psilocybin mushroom, having psilocybin and psilocin as the main active hallucinogenic compounds.
The species was originally found by mycologist Gastón Guzmán in a tropical rainforest at Uxpanapa Region, in the State of Veracruz in southeastern Mexico; he reported the finding in a 1979 publication, and called the fungus Psilocybe naematoliformis. Guzmán later considered species with chrysocystidia (cystidia whose contents contain a distinct refractive yellow body, that become more deeply yellow when stained with ammonia or other alkaline compounds) to be separate from Psilocybe, and transferred the species first to Naematoloma in 1980, and then later to Hypholoma in 1999. In 2004, Guzmán revised his opinion again, and considered the species more suitably placed in Psilocybe.
Psilocybe naematoliformis is in the section Neocaledonicae, a group of related tropical and subtropical species in the Psilocybe genus; other members of the section include Psilocybe aequatoriae (Ecuador), Psilocybe neocaledonicum (New Caledonia), and Psilocybe neorhombispora (Mexico).

Macroscopic feat.:
  • Cap/Pileus: 1-3 cm (0.4-1.2 in) in diameter, bell-shaped to subumbonate, smooth, and slightly slimy but soon dry. The color may range from a pale orange-brown to a deep rusty brown. It is hygrophanous, fading to buff; the color is blackish brown when dry, and slightly translucent-striate when wet. Like other hallucinogenic psilocybes, it stains blue when bruised or injured.
  • Gills/Lamellae: Adnate in attachment to the stem, or may be notched at the point of attachment (sinuate). They are narrow, and brownish violet to dark violet, with whitish edges.
  • Stem/Stipe: 3.5-5.5 cm (1.4-2.2 in) tall by 1-3 mm thick, subequal, flexuous, and hollow. The color of the stem is reddish-brown or brownish; it is densely covered with silk-like fibers, and tufts of soft woolly hairs. The veil does not form an annulus.
  • Odor: Slightly farinaceous, like grain, and the taste of this species has been described as slightly bitter.

Microscopic feat.:
  • Basidio/Spores: (3.8)4.9-5.5(6.6) by (3.3)4.4-5(6.6) by 3.8-4.4 µm, sublentiform (shaped somewhat like a biconvex lens) in face view or roughly elliptic in side view, with an inconspicuous hilar appendage. They have a distinct germ pore in the base, and are smooth and thick-walled.
  • Basidia: The spore-bearing cells in the hymenium, are 12-19 by 4.4-5.5 µm, and hyaline.
  • Pleurocistidia: (Cystidia on the gill face) are 15-29 by 5.5-8.8 µm; clear, gray or brown in color, fusoid-ventricose to mucronate, sometimes with a median constriction, similar to the species Psilocybe subaeruginosa Clel. from Australia.
  • Cheilocystidia: (Cystidia on the gill edge) are 12-28 by 5.5-7.7 µm, hyaline, very numerous, ventricose, mucronate or fusiform-lanceolate, often forked.

Habitat: Psilocybe naematoliformis is found growing in small groups, in tufts or clumps, on disturbed places of the virgin tropical rain forest; it grows in soil with a few herbaceous plants. This species was originally found in Mexico, State of Veracruz, Uxpanapa region.

source - www.wikipedia.org

Pictures at www.mushroomobserver.org

[ Back to lisT ]    [ List of known specieS ]    [ Species albuM ]    [ Suggest species lacK ]
TutorialS ]   [ ForuM ]   [ GalerY (pl) ]   [ TripograM ]   [ PsilosOpediuM ]  

© psilosophy 2001-2021

Psilocybe naematoliformis_0
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 1


Psilocybe naematoliformis_1
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 2


Psilocybe naematoliformis_2
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 3


Psilocybe naematoliformis_3
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 4


Psilocybe naematoliformis_4
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 5


Psilocybe naematoliformis_5
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 6


Psilocybe naematoliformis_6
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 7


Psilocybe naematoliformis_7
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 8


Psilocybe naematoliformis_8
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 9


Psilocybe naematoliformis_9
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 10


Psilocybe naematoliformis_10
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 11


Psilocybe naematoliformis_11
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 12


Psilocybe naematoliformis_12
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 13


Psilocybe naematoliformis_13
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 14


Psilocybe naematoliformis_14
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 15


Psilocybe naematoliformis_15
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 16


Psilocybe naematoliformis_16
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 17


Psilocybe naematoliformis_17
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 18


Psilocybe naematoliformis_18
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 19


Psilocybe naematoliformis_19
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 20


Psilocybe naematoliformis_20
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 21


Psilocybe naematoliformis_21
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 22


Psilocybe naematoliformis_22
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 23


Psilocybe naematoliformis_23
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 24


Psilocybe naematoliformis_24
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 25


Psilocybe naematoliformis_25
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 26


Psilocybe naematoliformis_26
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 27


Psilocybe naematoliformis_27
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 28


Psilocybe naematoliformis_28
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 29


Psilocybe naematoliformis_29
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 30


Psilocybe naematoliformis_30
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 31


Psilocybe naematoliformis_31
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 32


Psilocybe naematoliformis_32
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 33


Psilocybe naematoliformis_33
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 34


Psilocybe naematoliformis_34
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 35


Psilocybe naematoliformis_35
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 36


Psilocybe naematoliformis_36
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 37


Psilocybe naematoliformis_37
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 38


Psilocybe naematoliformis_38
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 39


Psilocybe naematoliformis_39
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 40


Psilocybe naematoliformis_40
link: Psilocybe naematoliformis - foto 41



TutorialS ]   [ ForuM ]   [ GalerY (pl) ]   [ TripograM ]   [ PsilosOpediuM ]  

© psilosophy 2001-2021