Psilocybe makarorae

Psilocybe makarorae P.R.Johnst. & P.K.Buchanan (1995)



Macroscopic feat.:
  • Cap/Pileus: 1.5-3.5 cm in diameter. Conic to campanulate, expanding in age to broadly convex, usually with a pronounced umbo. Surface tacky to dry. Yellowish brown to orangish brown, fading in drying, and lighter towards the margin, which is striate when moist. Flesh whitish, bruising greenish blue where injured.
  • Gills/Lamellae: Attachment adnexed, pale grayish brown with concolorous edges.
  • Stem/Stipe: 30-60 mm long by 2-4 mm thick, equal, white to brownish near the base, which radiates white rhizomorphs. Partial veil cortinate, leaving fibrillose veil remnants along the cap margin when young, soon disappearing, but not forming an annular ring on the stem. Surface finely fibrillose and silky.

Microscopic feat.:
  • Basidio/Spores: Dark purplish brown in deposit, ellipsoid in side view, ovoid to subrhomboid in face view, (6.5) 7.5-10 by 4.5-6.5 µm.
  • Basidia: 4-spored.
  • Pleurocistidia: Similar to cheilocystidia ventricose-rostrate to mucronate, 4-8 µm thick, with a simple neck, 2.5-4 µm long.
  • Cheilocystidia: 18-26 by 6-9 µm, ventricose-rostrate to mucronate with a short, simple neck 3-5 µm long.

Habitat: Found scattered to gregarious on rotting wood and twigs (Nothofagus) near lakes and picnic grounds in the vicinity of Makarora, New Zealand (Otago Lakes and Franz Josef Glacier) in the fall. Probably more widely distributed.

Comment: Potency unknown but probably moderately active given the bluing reaction. This newly described species by Johnston and Buchanan (1996) resembles Psilocybe caerulipes, but the presence of pleurocystidia and longer-necked cheilocystidia delineates Psilocybe makarorae from this taxon. Worthy of note is that the two authors work closely with, are consulted by, and paid by law-enforcement officials to help in the prosecution of unlucky collectors. See also Psilocybe australiana, Psilocybe eucalypta, Psilocybe subaeruginosa.

source - Paul Stamets "Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World"

Pictures at www.mushroomobserver.org

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